A nautical chart is a graphic representation of a maritime area and adjacent coastal regions. Depending on the scale of the chart, it may show depths of water and heights of land (topographic map), natural features of the seabed, details of the coastline, navigational hazards, locations of natural and human-made aids to navigation, information on tides and currents, local details of the Earth’s magnetic field, and human-made structures such as harbours, buildings and bridges. Nautical charts are essential tools for marine navigation; many countries require vessels, especially commercial ships, to carry them. Nautical charting may take the form of charts printed on paper or computerized electronic navigational charts. Recent technologies have made available paper charts which are printed “on demand” with cartographic data that has been downloaded to the commercial printing company as recently as the night before printing. With each daily download, critical data such as Local Notice to Mariners is added to the on-demand chart files so that these charts will be up to date at the time of printing.
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
This edition contains Russian and English texts of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as modified by the Protocol of 1988 relating thereto and includes all amendments adopted by Conferences of Contracting Governments and the Maritime Safety Committee of the I MO up to May 2010.
Provisions of the Convention, as amended are mandatory ones in respect of all ships as indicated in the relevant chapters of the Convention, even if a flag State is not a Contracting Government to this international agreement.
International Convention MARPOL Book I and Book II and Book III
MARPOL 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. (“MARPOL” is short for marine pollution and 73/78 short for the years 1973 and 1978.)
MARPOL 73/78 is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was developed by the International Maritime Organization in an effort to minimize pollution of the oceans and seas, including dumping, oil and air pollution. All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.
The International Code of Signals (ICS)
is an international system of signals and codes for use by vessels to communicate important messages regarding safety of navigation and related matters. Signals can be sent by flaghoist, signal lamp (“blinker”), flag semaphore, radiotelegraphy, and radiotelephony. The International Code is the most recent evolution of a wide variety of maritime flag signalling systems.
Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services, Edition of 2013 (english only)
The Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services reflects the regulatory provisions and the latest decisions concerning those services by ITU conferences (including relevant decisions pertaining to the introduction of new systems and techniques). As prescribed in Appendix 16 of the Radio Regulations, the Manual is required to be carried in stations on board ships.
Manual for Use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services (Maritime Manual), English Edition 2013
Quantification Addendum: International Medical Guide for Ships, 3rd Edition, 2007
The third edition of the International Medical Quide for Ships was published by the World Health Organization, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization and the International Maritime Organization in 2007. The Guide provides advice to help promote and protect the health of seafarers. An important section in the Guide is the ‘Ship’s Medicine Chest’. This section provides a recommended list of medicines that ships at sea should carry, as well as indications and dosing. The second edition of the Guide, published in 1988, also provided suggested quantities of medicines that ships of various size should hold; recommended quantities were not included in the third edition. The University of Newcastle WHO Collaborating Centre for Training in Pharmaco-economics and Rational Pharmacotherapy was commissioned to develop a list of recommended quantities of medicines listed in the third edition of the International Medical Quide for Ships.
The International Code for Fire Safety Systems (MSC.98(73) = FSS Code), as amended
The International code for fire safety systems (IMO resolution MSC.98(73)), as amended.
International Ship and Port Facility Security Code)
The International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code is an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention (1974/1988) on minimum security arrangements for ships, ports and government agencies. Having come into force in 2004, it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to “detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade.”
The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
The Code is a two-part document describing minimum requirements for security of ships and ports. Part A provides mandatory requirements. Part B provides guidance for implementation.
The Nautical Astronomical Almanac
The Nautical Astronomical Almanac for the years 2013–2014 (NAA-2) has been published by the Institute of Applied Astronomy RAS since 2002. NAA-2 has the same accuracy of astronomical data as “The Nautical Astronomical Yearbook”. The Almanac contains daily and additional tables, the description of the use of the marine sextant, the celestial globe and star charts. NAA-2 includes detailed algorithms of solving the astro-navigational tasks, such as compass error calculations and determination of a vessel’s position by stars and the Sun. The Explanation and part of auxiliary tables are given in both Russian and English versions. NAA-2 has been recommended for use of deck oﬃcers by Department of Navigation Safely of the State Marine Fleet Service of Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation.
Year of manufacture: 2013
Language: Russian / English
Publishing house: Institute of applied astronomy 2012
IAMSAR Manual, volume III – Mobile Facilities
Intenational Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual (IAMSAR), volume III 2013 edition is intended to be carried aborad rescue units, aircraft and vessels to help with performance of a search, rescue or on-scene co-ordinator function, and with aspects of SAR that pertain to their own emergencies.
This Manual is published jointly by the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization. It has been updated from earlier editions by including the amendments that were adopted by the seventy-fourth session of the IMO Maritime Safety Committee in June 2001 (which entered into force on 1 July 2002), by the seventy-fifth session in May 2002 (which entered into force on 1 July 2003), by the seventy-seventh session in June 2003 (which entered into force on 1 July 2004), by the seventy-eighth session in May 2004 (which entered into force on 1 July 2005), by the eightieth session in May 2005 (which entered into force on 1 June 2006), by the eighty-first session in May 2006 (which entered into force on 1 June 2007) and by the eighty-third session in October 2007 (which entered into force on 1 June 2008).
Binoculars -optical device consisting of two parallel telescopes, connected together, for observation of distant objects with both eyes. Binoculars are used by skippers to monitor the surroundings (other courts, coastal landmarks, navigational signs, etc.).
Used for precise measurement of short time intervals. On the small vessels, hand or pocket watch with a large central seconds hand can replace the time-totalizer.
The time-totalizer is designed for measuring short periods of time during navigation, meteorological and astronomical observations. With the start button the second hand can be released, the stopper and return to the zero position. The time-totalizer run in the moment of observation, and then notice the chronograph while immobilized time-totalizer. After that, from the chronograph, to be written, subtract the stopwatch and get time on the chronometer at the time of observation.
With the start button the second hand can be released, the stopper and return to the zero position. The time-totalizer launch in the moment of observation, and then notice the chronograph while immobilized time-totalizer. After that, from the chronograph, to be written, subtract the ship’s stopwatch and get time on the chronometer at the time of observation.
To control the arrows mechanism stopwatch ship fitted with a special device summation of action. Start, stop by pressing the arrow on the crown, return to zero – by pressing the button. The time-totalizer has a 60-second scale with a scale interval of 0.2 seconds and 60-minute counter with a scale division 1 min.
Chart weight – full-bodied small cylinders are put on the map, on which the seal is conducted to map a gust of wind are not dumped on the deck or not claimed.
Weight of chart weight and rubber base are ideally suited for fixing cards on chart table.
Chart weight retains their properties when exposed to the marine environment during service life and are resistant to corrosion and mold.
Chart weights are allocated on a map so as to prevent its movement.
Ship’s clock 180x70mm
Purpose of the ship’s clock is to display ship time at which the service is organized and routine life on the ship. They are installed in the cabins and offices. The watch has a round dial, divided into 12 or 24 time division, hours, minutes and central seconds hands.
Ship’s clock is designed for vessels of river and sea fleet. Mechanism ship hours dust spray-tight placed in the housing with a hinged lid (welt glass). The watch case is made of aluminum alloy coated with anticorrosion paint. Ship clocks are protected against vibration effects.
Ship clock can be made in three versions: the ordinary, tropical antimagnetic and install on ships of sea and river fleet, as well as in laboratories and offices.
Ship clock protected against environmental influences and magnetic fields, vibration effects.
Parallel rulers are a drafting instrument used by navigators to draw parallel lines on charts. The tool consists of two straight edges joined by two arms which allow them to move closer or further away while always remaining parallel to each other. The length of the line of 450 mm, the width of the line in the folded position of 70 mm, the greatest solution for working edge 135 mm, the mass line without cover 275 ± ’30.
The parallel ruler is to transfer to the desired point on the map or tablet straight lines parallel to the given direction and consists of the following components:
1) two rods connected lines with notches for ease of movement in the middle of the rulers,
2) the two rods,
3) four bolts
4) four nuts
5) four spring washers,
6) of the four pins.
Protractor chart is designed for construction and measurement of angles, drawing for straight and parallel lines in a given direction on the map. Protractor chart made of special organic transparent glass in the form of a right triangle with sides equal to 236 mm
Used to measure the ‘distance and applying them to the maps. Made of stainless steel. The length of leg of a compass: 12 cm. Maximum needle length: 3 cm
Optical system consisting of a lens or several lenses are designed to increase and observing small parts located at a finite distance.
Compass is the device that facilitates trail orienteering. There are three fundamentally different types of compass: magnetic compass, gyro and electronic compass.