A nautical chart is a graphic representation of a maritime area and adjacent coastal regions. Depending on the scale of the chart, it may show depths of water and heights of land (topographic map), natural features of the seabed, details of the coastline, navigational hazards, locations of natural and human-made aids to navigation, information on tides and currents, local details of the Earth’s magnetic field, and human-made structures such as harbours, buildings and bridges. Nautical charts are essential tools for marine navigation; many countries require vessels, especially commercial ships, to carry them. Nautical charting may take the form of charts printed on paper or computerized electronic navigational charts. Recent technologies have made available paper charts which are printed “on demand” with cartographic data that has been downloaded to the commercial printing company as recently as the night before printing. With each daily download, critical data such as Local Notice to Mariners is added to the on-demand chart files so that these charts will be up to date at the time of printing.
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
This edition contains Russian and English texts of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as modified by the Protocol of 1988 relating thereto and includes all amendments adopted by Conferences of Contracting Governments and the Maritime Safety Committee of the I MO up to May 2010.
Provisions of the Convention, as amended are mandatory ones in respect of all ships as indicated in the relevant chapters of the Convention, even if a flag State is not a Contracting Government to this international agreement.
English text is given as one of the official languages of the Convention, English is the basic working language of the IMO and. for that reason, in case of a diverse interpretation of a provision, preference should be given to the English text.
International Convention MARPOL Book I and Book II and Book III
MARPOL 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. (“MARPOL” is short for marine pollution and 73/78 short for the years 1973 and 1978.)
MARPOL 73/78 is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was developed by the International Maritime Organization in an effort to minimize pollution of the oceans and seas, including dumping, oil and air pollution. The objective of this convention is to preserve the marine environment in an attempt to completely eliminate pollution by oil and other harmful substances and to minimize accidental spillage of such substances.
The original MARPOL was signed on 17 February 1973, but did not come into force at the signing date. The current convention is a combination of 1973 Convention and the 1978 Protocol. It entered into force on 2 October 1983. As of 2015, 152 states, representing 99.2 per cent of the world’s shipping tonnage, are state parties to the convention.
All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.
The International Code of Signals (ICS)
is an international system of signals and codes for use by vessels to communicate important messages regarding safety of navigation and related matters. Signals can be sent by flaghoist, signal lamp (“blinker”), flag semaphore, radiotelegraphy, and radiotelephony. The International Code is the most recent evolution of a wide variety of maritime flag signalling systems. Signals can be sorted into three groups:
Single-letter signals which are very urgent, important, or common.
Two-letter signals for other messages, sometimes followed with a numeric “complement” that supplements or modifies the message.
Three-letter signals beginning with “M” – these are the Medical Signal Codes.
The purpose of the International Code of Signals is to provide ways and means of communication in situations related essentially to safety of navigation and persons, especially when language difficulties arise.
Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services, Edition of 2013 (english only)
The Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services reflects the regulatory provisions and the latest decisions concerning those services by ITU conferences (including relevant decisions pertaining to the introduction of new systems and techniques). As prescribed in Appendix 16 of the Radio Regulations, the Manual is required to be carried in stations on board ships.
Manual for Use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services (Maritime Manual), English Edition 2013
This first edition of the new volume 1 of the Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service is published in accordance with Article 20 (No. 20.14) of the Radio Regulations, and results from studies carried our in thee ITU-R during 2008 and 2009. This Volume complements Volume 2 the Manual by providing descriptive text of the organisation and operation of the GMDSS and other maritime operational procedures Volume 2 contains extracts of the regulatory texts associated with maritime operations.
Volume 2 contains extracts of the regulatory texts associated with maritime operations. The first edition of the Volume 11 of the Manual for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime-Mobile Service is published in accordance with Article 20 (No. 20.14) of the Radio Regulations and results from studies carried out in the ITU-R during 2008 and 2009. Volume 1 complements Volume 2 of the Manual by providing descriptive text of the organisation and operation of the GMDSS and other maritime operational procedures.
Quantification Addendum: International Medical Guide for Ships, 3rd Edition, 2007
The third edition of the International Medical Quide for Ships was published by the World Health Organization, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization and the International Maritime Organization in 2007. The Guide provides advice to help promote and protect the health of seafarers. An important section in the Guide is the ‘Ship’s Medicine Chest’. This section provides a recommended list of medicines that ships at sea should carry, as well as indications and dosing. The second edition of the Guide, published in 1988, also provided suggested quantities of medicines that ships of various size should hold; recommended quantities were not included in the third edition. The University of Newcastle WHO Collaborating Centre for Training in Pharmaco-economics and Rational Pharmacotherapy was commissioned to develop a list of recommended quantities of medicines listed in the third edition of the International Medical Quide for Ships.
Annex 1: Mapping of the medicines in the third edition of the Guide to the quantities in the second edition
Annex 2: Mapping of the medicines in the third edition of the Guide to the quantities recommended in the Australian and UK guidelines for ships
Annex 3: Recommended quantities of medicines for the third edition of the International Medical Guide for Ships
The International Code for Fire Safety Systems (MSC.98(73) = FSS Code), as amended
The International code for fire safety systems (IMO resolution MSC.98(73)), as amended.
Chapter 1 General
Chapter 2 International shore connections
Chapter 3 Personnel protection
Chapter 4 Fire extinguishers
Chapter 5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems
Chapter 6 Fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems
Chapter 7 Fixed pressure water-spraying and water mist fire-extinguishing systems
Chapter 8 Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems
Chapter 9 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems
Chapter 10 Sample extraction smoke detection systems
Chapter 11 Low-location lighting systems
Chapter 12 Fixed emergency fire pumps
Chapter 13 Arrangement of means of escape
Chapter 14 Fixed deck foam systems
Chapter 15 Inert gas systems
Chapter 16 Fixed hydrocarbon gas detection systems
International Ship and Port Facility Security Code)
The International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code is an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention (1974/1988) on minimum security arrangements for ships, ports and government agencies. Having come into force in 2004, it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to “detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade.”
The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
The Code is a two-part document describing minimum requirements for security of ships and ports. Part A provides mandatory requirements. Part B provides guidance for implementation.
The ISPS Code applies to ships on international voyages (including passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GT and upwards, and mobile offshore drilling units) and the port facilities serving such ships.
The main objectives of the ISPS Code are:
The Code does not specify specific measures that each port and ship must take to ensure the safety of the facility against terrorism because of the many different types and sizes of these facilities. Instead it outlines “a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling governments to offset changes in threat with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities.” For ships the framework includes requirements for:
For port facilities, the requirements include:
In addition the requirements for ships and for port facilities include:
The Nautical Astronomical Almanac
The Nautical Astronomical Almanac for the years 2013–2014 (NAA-2) has been published by the Institute of Applied Astronomy RAS since 2002. NAA-2 has the same accuracy of astronomical data as “The Nautical Astronomical Yearbook”. The Almanac contains daily and additional tables, the description of the use of the marine sextant, the celestial globe and star charts. NAA-2 includes detailed algorithms of solving the astro-navigational tasks, such as compass error calculations and determination of a vessel’s position by stars and the Sun. The Explanation and part of auxiliary tables are given in both Russian and English versions. NAA-2 has been recommended for use of deck oﬃcers by Department of Navigation Safely of the State Marine Fleet Service of Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation.
Year of manufacture: 2013
Language: Russian / English
Publishing house: Institute of applied astronomy 2012
Altitude correction tables for Sun, stars, planets
Additional refraction corrections for non-standard conditions
Title page, Preface, Contents
Phases of the Moon
Planet notes and diagram
Daily pages: Ephemerides of Sun, Moon, Aries and planets; sunrise, sunset, twilights, moonrise, moonset, etc.
Stars: SHA and Dec of 173 stars, in order of SHA (accuracy O’.l)
Polaris (Pole Star) tables
Sight reduction procedures; direct computation
Concise sight reduction tables
Form for use with concise sight reduction tables
Conversion of arc to time
Tables of increments and corrections for Sun, planets, Aries, Moon
Tables for interpolating sunrise, sunset, twilights, moonrise, moonset, Moon’s meridian passage
Index to selected stars
Altitude correction tables for the Moon
IAMSAR Manual, volume III – Mobile Facilities
Intenational Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual (IAMSAR), volume III 2013 edition is intended to be carried aborad rescue units, aircraft and vessels to help with performance of a search, rescue or on-scene co-ordinator function, and with aspects of SAR that pertain to their own emergencies.
This Manual is published jointly by the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization. It has been updated from earlier editions by including the amendments that were adopted by the seventy-fourth session of the IMO Maritime Safety Committee in June 2001 (which entered into force on 1 July 2002), by the seventy-fifth session in May 2002 (which entered into force on 1 July 2003), by the seventy-seventh session in June 2003 (which entered into force on 1 July 2004), by the seventy-eighth session in May 2004 (which entered into force on 1 July 2005), by the eightieth session in May 2005 (which entered into force on 1 June 2006), by the eighty-first session in May 2006 (which entered into force on 1 June 2007) and by the eighty-third session in October 2007 (which entered into force on 1 June 2008).
This new edition includes the 2008 amendments, adopted by the eighty-fifth session of the IMO Maritime Safety Committee in November–December 2008, which entered into force on 1 June 2009. The amendments were prepared by the ICAO/IMO Joint Working Group on Harmonization of Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue at its fourteenth session, in September 2007, and were endorsed by the IMO Sub-Committee on Radiocommunications and Search and Rescue (COMSAR) at its twelfth session, in April 2008. It should be noted that volume I was not amended in 2009.
The primary purpose of the three volumes of the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual (IAMSAR Manual) is to assist States in meeting their own search and rescue (SAR) needs, and the obligations they accepted under the Convention on International Civil Aviation, the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue and the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). These volumes provide guidelines for a common aviation and maritime approach to organizing and providing SAR services. States are encouraged to develop and improve their SAR services, co-operate with neighboring States and to consider their SAR services to be part of a global system.
Each volume of the IAMSAR Manual is written with specific SAR system duties in mind, and can be used as a stand-alone document, or, in conjunction with the other two Manuals, as a means to attain a full view of the SAR system.
Binoculars -optical device consisting of two parallel telescopes, connected together, for observation of distant objects with both eyes. Binoculars are used by skippers to monitor the surroundings (other courts, coastal landmarks, navigational signs, etc.).
Used for precise measurement of short time intervals. On the small vessels, hand or pocket watch with a large central seconds hand can replace the time-totalizer.
The time-totalizer is designed for measuring short periods of time during navigation, meteorological and astronomical observations. With the start button the second hand can be released, the stopper and return to the zero position. The time-totalizer run in the moment of observation, and then notice the chronograph while immobilized time-totalizer. After that, from the chronograph, to be written, subtract the stopwatch and get time on the chronometer at the time of observation.
With the start button the second hand can be released, the stopper and return to the zero position. The time-totalizer launch in the moment of observation, and then notice the chronograph while immobilized time-totalizer. After that, from the chronograph, to be written, subtract the ship’s stopwatch and get time on the chronometer at the time of observation.
To control the arrows mechanism stopwatch ship fitted with a special device summation of action. Start, stop by pressing the arrow on the crown, return to zero – by pressing the button. The time-totalizer has a 60-second scale with a scale interval of 0.2 seconds and 60-minute counter with a scale division 1 min.
Chart weight – full-bodied small cylinders are put on the map, on which the seal is conducted to map a gust of wind are not dumped on the deck or not claimed.
Weight of chart weight and rubber base are ideally suited for fixing cards on chart table.
Chart weight retains their properties when exposed to the marine environment during service life and are resistant to corrosion and mold.
Chart weights are allocated on a map so as to prevent its movement.
Ship’s clock 180x70mm
Purpose of the ship’s clock is to display ship time at which the service is organized and routine life on the ship. They are installed in the cabins and offices. The watch has a round dial, divided into 12 or 24 time division, hours, minutes and central seconds hands.
Ship’s clock is designed for vessels of river and sea fleet. Mechanism ship hours dust spray-tight placed in the housing with a hinged lid (welt glass). The watch case is made of aluminum alloy coated with anticorrosion paint. Ship clocks are protected against vibration effects.
Ship clock can be made in three versions: the ordinary, tropical antimagnetic and install on ships of sea and river fleet, as well as in laboratories and offices.
Ship clock protected against environmental influences and magnetic fields, vibration effects.
Parallel rulers are a drafting instrument used by navigators to draw parallel lines on charts. The tool consists of two straight edges joined by two arms which allow them to move closer or further away while always remaining parallel to each other. The length of the line of 450 mm, the width of the line in the folded position of 70 mm, the greatest solution for working edge 135 mm, the mass line without cover 275 ± ’30.
The parallel ruler is to transfer to the desired point on the map or tablet straight lines parallel to the given direction and consists of the following components:
1) two rods connected lines with notches for ease of movement in the middle of the rulers,
2) the two rods,
3) four bolts
4) four nuts
5) four spring washers,
6) of the four pins.
Protractor chart is designed for construction and measurement of angles, drawing for straight and parallel lines in a given direction on the map. Protractor chart made of special organic transparent glass in the form of a right triangle with sides equal to 236 mm
Used to measure the ‘distance and applying them to the maps. Made of stainless steel. The length of leg of a compass: 12 cm. Maximum needle length: 3 cm
Optical system consisting of a lens or several lenses are designed to increase and observing small parts located at a finite distance.
Compass is the device that facilitates trail orienteering. There are three fundamentally different types of compass: magnetic compass, gyro and electronic compass.